Things You Need To Know About Respiratory – COPD/Asthma / OSA Diseases
A lot of people all around the world suffer from these various common respiratory problems like asthma, sleep apnea, and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases or COPD. All of these are caused by the blockage of lungs and cause the patients to have difficulty in breathing. So if you want to know more about the exact disease and how to treat them then keep reading.
What is COPD/Asthma / OSA Diseases?
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD is not the name of one particular disease. It is used to describe disease like bronchitis or emphysema. They all fall into the same category and if not treated in time and properly they can often lead to the death of the patients.
Asthma is another chronic disease which involves the stairway of the lungs. In case of asthma, the airways always remain inflamed. They swell so much that the muscles around this particular airway can tighten and it restricts the air movements. Thus the people feel like they are getting suffocated.
OSA or sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder in which the sleep of a person can get disrupted as the breathing of the person gets interrupted during their sleep. Many times they can stop breathing while they are sleeping. So the body and the brain might not get enough oxygen which can ultimately lead to the death of the patient.
Sign and Symptoms of COPD/Asthma / OSA Diseases
Some of the symptoms faced by the people suffering from asthma are –
• Tightening of the chest in pain
• Shortness of breath of the patients
• Chronic coughing and Trouble of sleeping of the patients due to this coughing repeatedly.
Some of the symptoms of sleep apnea are –
• Diabetes, depression, headaches are the common things
• Lack of sleep as the sleep gets interrupted now and then whenever the breathing is stopped.
Some of the symptoms of COPD are –
• Shortness of breath due to long physical activities
• The tightness of the chest and wheezing.
• A chronic cough that produces mucus most of the times. Due to excess mucus, you might find in your mouth you will have to clear your throat right after you wake up in the morning.
• Unintentional weight loss and respiratory infections occur immediately.
Thus, you see that the symptoms of the three respiratory diseases are very similar to each other.
Treatment of COPD/Asthma / OSA Diseases
To treat COPD medication can be given the function of which is to relax the muscles of the airways for you’re to breathe. In case of severe COPD, surgery is preferred. One typical surgery is called bullectomy in which large air sacs are removed from the lungs. In some of the conditions lung transplant is also done to treat the disease. These are all major operations that need to be done carefully.
For asthma patients, the treatment is controller medications which can be taken on a regular basis. Some of them are the corticosteroids which are inhaled. LABA is present in the combination inhalers where they help to open the airways that are present in the lungs. Various oral medications such as the Leukotriene modifiers are also prescribed by doctors sometimes. Asthma can be treated and reduced gradually over time.
For obstructive sleep apneas, a CPAP device or a continuous positive airway pressure device is fitted over the nose or the mouth which blows air all throughout the night. Usage of CPAP Is highly effective and in most of the cases makes the patients better. Thus respiratory diseases should be treated as soon as possible.